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19 October 2019
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Gheorghe Russu

Vice-director, The Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption

Parties-Phantoms, Parties - State Institutions, Parties - State Enterprises

Ion PREAŞCĂ

20 parties have registered in the current election campaign. Many people say it is a too big number for such a small country as Moldova. At the same time, much more parties could take part in the election campaign.

Last week illustrated
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Activists launch Moldova’s first ‘Space Camp’ © Susan Coughtrie

April 7 - differences between Moldova (2009) and Kyrgyzstan (2010)

The break out of protests in Kyrgyzstan only five years after "the Tulip Revolution" which resulted in the overthrowing of the authoritarian and deeply corrupted regime, led by the former president Askar Akaev, coincided with the commemoration of the tragic events which happened in Moldova on April 7, 2009.
Denis CENUŞĂ, 9 April 2010, 17:27

Because of the magnitude of protests in the Central Asian state, there is a tendency to compare what is happening in Bişkek with the situation in Chisinau one year ago.

The main differences between the protests which happened in the two states, located in the West and the East of the former soviet territory, have the following peculiarities:

• The protests in Kyrgyzstan have started in the Northern region of the country, in Talas town and have subsequently extended in other settlements, finally reaching the capital of the country as well. In Moldova all the events took place in Chisinau, the rest of the country being separated from the reality of the capital, mainly because of the monopoly of the communist government over the public television channel. At the same time, other media outlets controlled by the former government were involved in the distorted coverage of the events from the capital of the country.

• The causes of the social riot from the Kyrgyz settlements can be found in the disastrous policies of the Bakiev government, accused of encouraging high level corruption, money embezzlement from the public budget. At the same time the discontent arose as a result of the decrease of social security, due to the increase of social differences, caused by the advanced poverty of ever larger groups of population (the decrease of the purchasing power, the increasing inflation etc.). The protests in Moldova originate in the discontent with the parliament election fraud, but in fact they are caused by the dislike towards the communist government, perceived as "anti-democratic" and "anti-European".

• The Kyrgyz political opposition had a significant role in organizing and leading the protests. The opponents of the virtually dictatorial regime led by Bakiev, one of the organizers of "the tulip revolution" of 2005, were imprisoned. Anti-communist parties form Moldova were incapable of supervising the actions of the numerous protesters (and of the dispersed groups even less), which were acting on their own. The fact that the opposition parties were not present hindered their detention by public authorities.

• Kyrgyz protesters have committed thefts, burglaries and other crimes throughout the capital, after having vandalized all state institutions, without exceptions, but also the residence of President Bakiev. In Moldova, the targets of the protesters were the Parliament building and the President's office building. The Government and other targets were left untouched.

• The Kyrgyz Government applied the most violent methods to stop the increasing pressure of approximately 5 thousand protesters. Thus, the actions of law enforcement bodies resulted in about 100 deaths and 100 injured people. The officials from Chisinau avoided using weapons, in order to prevent "blood baths", choosing sudden repression of dispersed and politically demotivated protesters, applying terror dissemination in order to diminish the manifestations of civil society. The result of this strategy was less bloody, but as opposed to Kyrgyzstan, it was followed by massive arrests and ill-treatment of both peaceful and violent protesters.

• Events from Kyrgyzstan are happening as a result of the failure of the "Tulip revolution", the liquidation of the authoritarian regime, the banishment of the political government and opening towards the West. The protests from Chisinau were preceded by elections « stolen » by the communists, fact confirmed also by certain international observers. As opposed to the Asian state, led by the organizers of the "colored revolution" (also know as "the tulip revolution"), until the protests from April 7, Moldova was governed by the Communist Party of Moldova for 8 years. Currently, part of the liberal-democratic government states that the initiation of the dialogue with Western partners (especially with the European Union) is due to ‘anti-government/anti-communist' protests from April 6-7, 2009.

• Political changes from Kyrgyzstan are very similar to a revolution, involving also people who were part of former state structures. The post-revolution period in this country is dominated by an acute crisis of new human resources, which could be easily integrated into the political environment. In Moldova, due to a greater influence from the West, the evolution solution was chosen by means of democratic delegation of representatives (the condition of organizing new elections). Compared to Kyrgyz circumstances, political relations in Moldova had an orderly and consistent character, gathering human resources from the outside of the political field.

• The tribal-public aspect dominates the political arena in Bişkek, after the "fugitive' president Bakiev, disadvantaged the Northern regions, which were more thriving before the "tulip revolution". The public manifestations from Chisinau have arisen, first of all, from the violation of democratic rights and liberties by the communist government, but not from a vendetta between clans

• OSCE actively supported the idea of a political dialogue between the government and the Kyrgyz opposition. In case of Moldova, the organization blamed the violent actions of the protesters, advocating for peaceful protests, within the limits of the law.

• There was no implication of Russia in the events in Kyrgyzstan, except for Moscow's intention to protect its property around the military base "Kant" and for depreciating insinuations of certain media outlets meant to attract the Russian factor into internal Kyrgyz games. While the communist government was politically supported by Russian authorities, including in the perpetuation and intensification of accusations against Romania, accused of having supported the organizers of the "coup d'etat" attempt or ,"in other words, the liberal forces currently constituting the Alliance for European Integration .

• The symbols of the protests from Bişkek were the state flags and blue cloths, the purpose was to destroy the Bakiev personality cult and the "corrupt and ineffective" government. The main attributes of the events from Chisinau included flags of the Republic of Moldova and the Romanian flag, while the main messages of the protesters were related to the change of the communist regime, but also to claiming the fundamental rights and liberties, ignored or sometimes even violated by the current opposition party, which was governing at the time (the Communist Party from the Republic of Moldova).

 



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