29 October 2020

Gheorghe Russu

Vice-director, The Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption

Parties-Phantoms, Parties - State Institutions, Parties - State Enterprises


20 parties have registered in the current election campaign. Many people say it is a too big number for such a small country as Moldova. At the same time, much more parties could take part in the election campaign.

Last week illustrated

Activists launch Moldova’s first ‘Space Camp’ © Susan Coughtrie

Yanukovych's people plan to help Tiraspol overcome the „economic blockade"

One week after the controversial statement on the Transnistrian conflict settlement, drafted by Medvedev and Yanukovych, was signed, it yields the first results.
Denis CENUŞĂ, 27 May 2010, 13:31

The statement became even more legitimate after the informal meeting of OSCE from Astana, chaired by Kazakhstan, considered a reliable partner of Russia. As a matter of fact, Kazakhstan authorized the release of the Kiev Statement. Thus, doubtful stipulations somehow became more legitimate. Among the most objectionable and dangerous items in this document is the prohibition of unilateral actions considered „a priori" destabilizing or the recommendation of the „defunct" OSCE as „supplier" of a possible peacekeeping mission. The important aspect unnoticed by the majority of local experts, unfortunately missed by Moldovan officials as well, is related to the validity of agreements previously established in the negotiation process, which radicalize the relations between Tiraspol and Chisinau and which is reinforced in this Statement and approved by the Kazakh presidency of OSCE.

The regulation formula chosen by Astana involves „ respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Moldova, ensuring the status of Transnistria as well" and the respect for „political, economic and human rights of inhabitants of the region"[1]. These proposals, which seem to be very positive at first glance, are used by the „left bank" to demand full economic independence from Chisinau, besides political independence strengthened with Moscow's and Ukraine's help. According to the stipulations of the Kiev Statement, but also based on the indulgence towards the Transnistrian region shown by Yanukovych's entourage in the past (See: „Medvedev and Yanukovych impose conditions to Chisinau regarding the Transnistrian settlement"), Tiraspol could benefit again from the „economic protectorate" of Kiev, annihilating the control policies imposed by Chisinau.

May 25 was the turning point in the process of „economic liberation" of businesses, when the Ukrainian delegation headed by Anatoli Kinah, the advisor of president Yanukovych, promised Tiraspol to open some „gates" and provide certain opportunities. Paradoxically, but Kinah, member of the team of the pro-Western Ukrainian President, Viktor Yushchenko at the parliamentary elections of 2006, contributed to the implementation of measures legalization of commercial-economic activity of enterprises from the region controlled by the „Smirnov clan". Along with the betrayal of 2007, when in exchange for the position of Minister of Economy, Kinah left Yushchenko's party, this political character transferred to Yanukovych's „circle" and on March 11, 2010 was appointed presidential advisor.

Anatoly Kinah came to Tiraspol as President of the Ukrainian Union of Manufacturers and Entrepreneurs. Given the Yanukovych-Medvedev Statement, the resumption of the dialogue between Ukraine and Transnistrian region is symptomatic. The seriousness of Ukrainian intentions is clarified through Kinah's statements, which disapproves of the fact that „economy is a victim of politics" [2]. The Ukrainian official undertook to create favorable trade conditions for the entire region. According to the press from the left bank, Kinah's proposals included the „removal of customs barriers", „development of customs and tax procedures" in the relations between Ukraine and Transnistria. The formulated objectives exposed the narrow business interests of the neighboring country, which depend on economic potential of this Moldovan region. Finally, Kinah partially explained the purpose of Yanukovych-Medvedev Statement from Kiev point of view. Yanukovych's advisor stated that these measures are necessary because „there are joint projects related to common production modernization [Transnistrian-Ukrainian], and to the creation of joint companies, etc".

The fact that Kiev suddenly became so active is determined rather by economic reasons, fact which should not be overlooked by credulous Chisinau. The attentive monitoring of Kiev actions is just as necessary as the monitoring of the games played by Smirnov with Moscow.

Putting an end to passive and delayed policies of the Moldovan government is critical to avoid returning to the status quo prior to the presidency of Viktor Yushchenko and the establishment of the EU Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine.

1. Kazakhstan calls for the transformation of the current peacekeeping mission of Transnistria into a civil mission under the auspices of OSCE,

2. «The economics must not be hostage to politics. Therefore, we will try to work pragmatically and responsibly, and thereby create favorable conditions throughout the territory. God and nature are disposed so that we are neighbors. That means that we must do everything in order for everyone to live happily here», - said Anatoly Kinah,

3. «We will proceed from the fact that it is essential to remove all barriers that impede us to cooperate, to improve customs and tax procedures. We have developed joint projects related to upgrading of our industries, establishment of product sale enterprises, not only in Transnistria and Ukraine, but also in other countries, with great potential in the agro-industrial sector as well», - the President of Ukrainian Union of Manufacturers and Entrepreneurs stated.

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