- No matter who wins mayoralty, City Hall’s work will be hindered by battles between parties, Antoniţa Fonari pentru Info-Prim Neo, 17 June 2011, 11:42
- Protection of Personal Data within the Dialogue on Visa Liberalization and the Negotiation of the Association Agreement between the R. of Moldova and the EU, Bogdan Manolea, Centrul Român de Politici Europene/Fundaţia Soros-Moldova, 10 June 2011, 16:01
- EU-Moldova Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area: a springboard to modernization or a road to ruin?, Alex OPRUNENCO, Centrul Analitic Independent "EXPERT-GRUP", 10 May 2011, 12:30
- The Council of Europe, the Communists and a New Referendum, Denis CENUSA, 4 March 2011, 11:06
- Coalition 2010, Irina Severin, 26 January 2011, 9:42
- The "shy" regret of Chisinau concerning the events in Belarus, Denis CENUSA, 26 January 2011, 9:41
Vice-director, The Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption
20 parties have registered in the current election campaign. Many people say it is a too big number for such a small country as Moldova. At the same time, much more parties could take part in the election campaign.
Ratification of the Rome Statute of the International Penal Court: an imperative issue on Moldova's European Integration Agenda
- "Moldova Azi" information portal is changing its format and editorial content, Centrul pentru Jurnalism Independent, 8 August 2011, 15:19
- Moldovan students queue up to apply for scholarships in Romania, Info-Prim Neo, 4 August 2011, 13:44
- Ukrainian scholarships not very popular in Moldova, Info-Prim Neo, 2 August 2011, 14:58
- Kent Larson: USAID will always support process of Moldova democratization, INFOTAG, 1 August 2011, 13:42
- Parliament sets up new commission - for checking civil servants' property and incomes, INFOTAG, 29 July 2011, 9:00
- Scandal in Moldovan parliament over deputies' relatives, INFOTAG, 29 July 2011, 9:00
Thus, on July 17, 1998, the Rome Diplomatic Conference adopted the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) with the aim of creating a permanent and competent international court designed to prosecute people who have committed the most heinous crimes known to humanity. Thereby, the International Criminal Court differs from the International Court of Justice, sometimes called the World Court, which settles disputes between governments. Rome Statute of the ICC entered into force on July 1, 2002 and the Court is fully operational, having its seat in Hague, the Netherlands. The treaty was welcomed and appreciated by governments, legal experts and civil society as the most significant achievement in international law since the adoption of United Nations Charter. In this way, the struggle for international justice has made a major breakthrough.
Thus, the Rome Statute provides for the establishment of a new international structure, the first permanent international criminal jurisdiction in human history. International Criminal Court is independent, tasked with investigating and prosecuting persons accused of committing genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression. ICC operates under the principle of complementarity, so that national justice systems continue to have primary responsibility to prosecute those crimes. ICC has a responsibility to act only when national system is unable or unwilling to investigate or to submit claims. ICC will not act retrospectively, having jurisdiction only over acts committed after July 1, 2002. Court has a special importance for the following reasons:
It will serve as a deterrent to these crimes. In most cases during the past fifty years international mechanisms for investigating those accused of such crimes were imposed only after the crimes were committed;
It will have a much wider jurisdiction compared with existing ad hoc tribunals. For example, the work of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda was limited to crimes committed in certain territories, and those committed outside the respective territories were not investigated at all;
The Statute contains progressive stipulations regarding protection of victims from retraumatisation, and a strict compatibility with internationally recognized human rights standards, without any adverse distinction founded on grounds such as gender, age, race, colour, language, religion or belief, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, wealth, birth or other status.
Due to the fact that the Statute has been included on the list of 25 most important documents of the twentieth century, a campaign to accelerate the ratification process was promoted, including at the level of Council of Europe and European Union, hoping that the establishment of the ICC is not only provide an instrument for promoting justice, but also a tool to encourage peace. Until June 2010, 111 states have ratified the Rome Statute - which represents more than half of the international community. Of those 111 participating countries, 40 are European countries. Meanwhile, 37 countries have signed but not ratified the ICC Statute; Republic of Moldova is among them together with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Belarus, Vatican City, Monaco, Russian Federation and Ukraine, the only European countries not party to the Statute.