European integration

Entry into EU as Moldova's national idea - analysis by Boris Asarov, chairman of "Pro Europa" Association, for Info-Prim Neo

The political developments in Moldova after the formation of the Alliance for European Integration (AEI) confirms the fact that the ruling political elites are ready to pursue the policy that will help carry out the major tasks for the country.
Boris Asarov, 24 February 2010, 11:51

Incontestably, the main task is to create conditions for Moldova to make maximal progress on the path to European integration, which is now in fact the country's national idea.

We can mention for example the talks over the signing of the Association Agreement with the EU that the AEI opened in January this year. The previous agreement with the EU expired last year, but the negotiations on the Association Agreement between Chisinau and Brussels were frozen owing to the anti-European policy promoted by the PCRM, which became more obvious especially after the April 2009 events. Until 2009, the senior authorities pretended to be implementing reforms, as they disregarded them in fact and misled the EU. In 2009, t he former government showed their real attitude to Brussels and started to openly promote the anti-European policy. They took discriminatory measures towards Romania's EU citizens, introducing illegally and groundlessly a visa regime. After the authorities organized provocations on April 7, the former administration of Moldova staged an unprecedented attack on democracy, which aroused the European Union's discontent and was seriously criticized in the European Parliament's resolution. The European Parliament vehemently condemned the power's anti-democratic and anti-European actions. After the constitution of the AEI, the new government of Moldova normalized the relations with Romania and created preconditions for bringing the relations between Moldova and Romania to a level of a much higher quality. After the Moldovan-Romanian relations improved, the European Commission expressed its readiness to open talks with the Moldovan authorities on a new agreem ent that will regulate the relations between the EU and Moldova.

European integration and admission to the EU

If the Association Agreement with the EU is signed, Moldova will complete a very important task. However, the given agreement, though it constitutes an important step towards accession to the EU, does not envision the possibility of joining later the European family. It should be noted that 'European integration' does not mean entry into the EU. For example, the authorities of Morocco signed the Association Agreement wit the EU nine years ago, but the issue of membership has not been yet raised. Brussels and Casablanca now work on an Intense Partnership Agreement that also does not provide the status of accession state to Morocco. Certainly, before becoming EU members the Eastern European countries signed the Association Agreement, but none of these states had a ‘frozen' conflict on its territory. The main barrier for Morocco is its location as it is situated on another continent. For Moldova, this barrier is the unsolved Transnistrian conflict, which makes Mo ldova's entry into the EU unreal, if taking into account the accession model of the Eastern European countries, and places it in the group of states that can count on an intense partnership, not yet on European prospects.

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