28 November 2021

Gheorghe Russu

Vice-director, The Center for Combating Economic Crimes and Corruption

Parties-Phantoms, Parties - State Institutions, Parties - State Enterprises


20 parties have registered in the current election campaign. Many people say it is a too big number for such a small country as Moldova. At the same time, much more parties could take part in the election campaign.

Last week illustrated

Activists launch Moldova’s first ‘Space Camp’ © Susan Coughtrie

AEI decided: new constitution through referendum, without early elections

Tuesday, the leaders of the Alliance for European Integration (AIE) decided in a joint meeting, to organize a referendum until June 16 in order to adopt a new Constitution.
Moldova Azi, 10 March 2010, 14:42

„New Constitution through referendum", announced the Interim President, Mihai Ghimpu, after the meeting, which lasted about two hours. He noted that the first step should be voting, by simple majority, of the law concerning the adoption of the new Constitution. Based on this law, the Parliament votes the Constitution by articles, and then a referendum will be organized. „The adopting of a new Constitution does not mean total review of the current Constitution. It means adjustment, correction, in order to have a Constitution corresponding to the objective established by the AEI, and to European standards and regulations", Ghimpu said.

The Prime Minister, Vlad Filat, explained that in case of adoption of the new Constitution through referendum, the current Parliament will be able to exercise his mandate of four years until the end, thereby avoid early parliamentary elections. „It is important for this new Constitution to be able to answer current questions and avoid future political crises and situations, said Filat.

Referring to the suggestion of the Venice Commission that only the amendment of Art. 78 is necessary at the moment, Filat said that this institution will be asked to express its opinion about the text of the Law to be adopted by the Parliament.
The leader of the Democratic Party, Marian Lupu, mentioned that voting a new Constitution does not necessarily mean the change of a large number of articles. „The content of the proposed text must be attractive to the majority of people for the referendum to be successful", said Marian Lupu.

In his turn, the leader of Our Moldova Alliance, Serafim Urecheanu, stated that „the referendum will observe the requirements of the legislation in force";

The leader of the AEI mentioned that the version of the new Constitution will be presented to the public for debate as soon as possible. The referendum is considered valid, if 50%+1 citizens with the right to vote participate.

On December 1, 2009, Mihai Ghimpu issued a decree about the establishment of a commission for Constitution revision. The Commission examines the possibility of amendment of Article 78, which refers to the procedure of President Election and witch currently provides that the President is elected by the vote of at least 3/5 of Members.

The Alliance made its decision, despite of the fact that its leaders expressed different opinions, lately, concerning the possibility of Constitution amendment.

Also, a mission of experts of the Venice Commission suggested that it would be appropriate to amend a single article of the Constitution regarding the procedure of President Election. This amendment should be adopted by the Parliament, as a result of consensus between parliamentary groups.

Communist opposition stated that they will not vote and will block any attempt of amending the supreme law.


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